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Fun fact (s); the reason English is so weird and inconsistent is that it's Anglo-Saxon mixed with Gaelic, French, Norse, and Latin. We use vocabulary from all of them, but keep the spelling and pronunciation, or some approximation of it, from the word's language of origin. Different languages have different spelling and pronunciation rules which is why pretty much any rule they teach you in school has a million exceptions. 

Our grammar, in general, is also cobbled together from these languages, which is why it's inconsistent. To top it all off, people habitually try to apply Latin grammar rules to English as a whole (because people who speak Latin are smart and educated) and we all want to be like them, which doesn't work because English isn't Latin or Latin-based; it's not even in the same family as Latin. 

And even more fun fact is that English has an unusually large number of words in its vocabulary (approx. 470,000 last I checked). Partially this is due to the previous factors, HOWEVER, the one to blame for 1.700 or so words is none other than the Bard himself and the brilliant William Shakespeare! Those two loved modifying existing words or even inventing entirely new ones and their plays were so influential that a lot of them stuck. Thanks to Shakespeare (and England getting conquered all the time) English has so many words that there are tons of synonyms to choose from and since each has a slightly different shade of meaning (connotations) English speakers with a large vocabulary can speak with a wonderful degree of precision.

Another interesting thing is that to some degree you can predict what language a word will be from based on what the word is describing. Words having to do with landmarks are often Celtic-based; words having to do with blue-collar professions are often Norse/Germanic; words having to do with the military are frequently Latin; words having to do with laws and other white-collar jobs are often French; and the 100 most common words in English (words like I, and, the, of etc) are from Anglo-Saxon. This is why animal meats are called pork, beef, poultry etc.. while the animals are called pigs, cows, and chickens. Rich French people buy the meat, poor Anglo-Saxon people deal with the animals. Fish is just called fish because the French word for fish is 'poisson' and one can see how that might be confusing.

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