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Let's have a look at spoken language



Hey, guys, I didn't write anything for the group for while so yes, I put a post together. Hope this is something that will be helpful for you. 

Let's have a look at spoken language and consider some of the main types and functions of the spoken English.
When you are analysing a passage of spoken English, it is a good idea to begin by asking yourself three questions: 
What type of spoken language is it? 
What are its purposes or functions? 
What factors are likely to have influenced the kind of language that is present?

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One of the most significant distinctions between speech and writing is that writing is generally speaking, more permanent. The vast majority of speech is short-lived the only exceptions are utterances that are recorded. Writing can be preserved for centuries.
However, writers are usually physically separated from their audience. Where the speaker receives immediate feedback and can't alter what is being said. 

Okay, shall we continue? 

Spontaneous speech: vocabulary often less rigid than in written texts.
Spontaneous speech is not organised into neatly ordered sentences. The structure is much relaxed, and it can be tricky to determinate where one constructions ends and another begins. Because most speech is spontaneous and unplanned, we have to make up what we say as we go along. Inevitably there are hesitations, false starts and mistakes. A writer, however, is able to take time over the construction of a text and can re-draft if necessary. 

There are many different types of spoken English. One important distinction is between prepared and spontaneous speech. Prepared speech ( such as scripted conversations in a film ) had planned in advance: spontaneous speech haven't 

INCOMPLETE CONSTRUCTIONS - These are incomplete because words or grammar elements are missing.
Seen Jett recently? - Have you seen Jett recently? 

DISJONATED CONSTRUCTIONS which you wouldn't found in writing but is very common in everyday language. For example: 
"He knows about cars -how to fix them."

NONE- STANDARD grammar reflects the informality of speech
"Where did you put them scissors." - for instance.
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Spoken language can also serve a variety of functions.

FILTERS are the words and expressions that have little meaning but often inserted into everyday speech. 
'You know','Like' ,I mean'.
Although they usually add nothing to the contend of utterance, they nevertheless serve important functions: 
They give speaker time to think.
They can soften the force of the statement, lessening its bluntness 
And
They can be the way of involving the listener. 
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One construction is abandoned in favour of another. 

I think you could have - You should have told me 
These are also known as false starts.
In a few words, it refers to the grammatical structure of the sentence but with the speaker change their mind in a middle of the sentence structure. 


Changing from one grammatical construction to another before the initial construction has been completed. It is very common in spoken English and in spontaneous speech indeed. 


This's why you almost will never hear false stars in the scripted speech but often in everyday spontaneous language. 

THE TABLOIDS ( including all major British newspapers Daily Mail, The Sun and their Sunday equivalent and of course of many others) Most of the headlines have so-called 'Telegraphic Style' in that complete sentences are generally avoided. Instead, words and grammatical elements (such as verbs and determinations) are omitted and word order changed to make as brief as possible. Tabloid language, in particular, often use informal language. It's been done on purpose to make text eye-catching and accessible for working class readers. 
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However, none-fluency features are inevitable in any spoken language. Don't dismiss them as 'bad' or 'incorrect' English. At the same time, most new words enter the language through speech. If they begin to be used in writing, it is usually an indication that they have achieved a degree of permanence. New technology means that some of the old divisions between speech and writing are disappearing.

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